Posts tagged africa
Posts tagged africa
Death Toll Surges in Crisis-Hit Central African Republic
The death toll from last week’s bloodshed in Central African Republic has topped 500, aid groups said on Tuesday as France’s expeditionary forces spread out on a mission to restore law and order in its former colony.
Photo by William Daniels / Panos for TIME
Read more here.
The water and sanitation crisis in Zimbabwe’s capital, Harare, places millions of residents at risk of waterborne disease. Five years after cholera killed over 4,000 people and sickened 100,000 more, the conditions that allowed the epidemic to flourish persist in Harare’s high-density suburbs.
A recent HRW report describes how residents have little access to potable water and sanitation services, and often resort to drinking water from shallow, unprotected wells that are contaminated with sewage, and to defecating outdoors. The conditions violate their right to water, sanitation, and health. The report is based on research conducted in 2012 and 2013 in Harare, including 80 interviews with residents, mostly women, in eight high-density suburbs.
Photo: Children play in a in refuse dump in Harare, Zimbabwe’s capital. © 2013 Reuters
Congolese refugees in the Nyakabande refugees transit camp in Kisoro, Uganda | November 9, 2013
Photos by James Akena/Reuters
Accra, Ghana — the digital dump where old technology goes to burn
The Supreme Court of Ghana ruled today, 29 August, 2013, that the country’s president was validly elected in presidential elections late last year, a highly anticipated judgment in what’s been described as the biggest legal battle in Ghana’s history.
149 dead in Egypt as VP ElBaradei quits government in protest
Reuters: Egypt’s interim Vice President Mohamed ElBaradei resigned on Wednesday in protest against the violent clearing of pro-Morsi sit-in camps.
Egypt’s health ministry reports at least 149 people have been killed in the violence, while another 1,403 have been injured.
Follow the latest at Breaking News.
Photo: Deposed Egyptian President Morsi supporters flee riot police. (Amr Abdallah Dalsh/Reuters)
Egypt in crisis: First ever democratically elected president ousted by military
The Egyptian military announced to the cheers of hundreds of thousands that it has ousted Mohammed Morsi, appointed a new head of state, and temporarily suspended the country’s constitution.
Egypt’s military chief says Morsi has been replaced by the chief justice of constitutional court. The military also called for early elections.
Morsi’s aide said he has been moved to an undisclosed location. The military also said it would react “decisively” toward any violence.
Morsi’s party, the Muslim Brotherhood, described the situation as a “military coup.” (AFP PHOTO/EGYPTIAN TV)
The Egyptian president, Mohamed Morsi, has said he will not step down as demanded by millions of protesters, vowing to protect his “constitutional legitimacy" with his life.
The placing of Hissène Habré, Chad’s former dictator, into police custody in Senegal on June 30 is a milestone in thelong campaign to bring him to justice.
The wheels of justice are turning. After 22 years, Habré’s victims can finally see the light at the end of the tunnel. Habré is accused of thousands of political killings and systematic torture during his presidency, from 1982 to 1990, when he was deposed by President Idriss Deby Itno and fled to Senegal. He has been living in exile in Senegal ever since. After a 22-year campaign by his victims, Extraordinary African Chamberswere established in the Senegalese court system in February to prosecute the worst crimes during his rule.
The chambers’ chief prosecutor, Mbacké Fall, asked to have Habré taken into police custody (garde à vue). Under Senegalese law, a person may be detained for up to 48 hours for investigation purposes if there is evidence to believe that they have committed an offense.The detention can be extended for another 48 hours with the prosecutor’s permission.The prosecutor is expected to bring charges (réquisitoire introductif) before the investigating judges of the chambers and request Habré’s indictment before his period of police custody expires. If Habré is indicted by the judges, he could be remanded to custody (mandat de dépôt) while the judges carry out their pretrial investigation.
The pretrial investigation is expected to last 15 months. It will potentially be followed by a trial in late 2014 or 2015.
“I have been waiting more than two decades to see Hissène Habré in court,” said Clément Abaifouta, president of the Association of Victims of the Crimes of Hissène Habré’s Regime (AVCRHH) who as a political prisoner during Habré’s rule was forced to dig mass graves and bury hundreds of other detainees. “We are finally going to be able to confront our tormentor and regain our dignity as human beings.”
Photo: Former Chadian dictator Hissène Habré © 2008 Reuters
Egypt’s top generals on Monday gave President Mohamed Morsi 48 hours to respond to a wave of mass protests demanding his ouster, declaring that if he did not, then the military leaders themselves would impose their own “road map” to resolve the political crisis.
Their statement, in the form a communiqué read over state television, plunged the military back to the center of political life just 10 months after they handed full power to Mr. Morsi as Egypt’s first democratically elected leader.
The communiqué was issued following an increasingly violent weekend of protests by millions of Egyptians angry with Mr. Morsi and his Muslim Brotherhood backers. It came hours after protesters destroyed the Brotherhood’s headquarters in Cairo.
At least six people were killed in the attack on the Muslim Brotherhood headquarters Monday morning, and it’s being reported that local police forces refused to protect the building (or those inside) due to their own unhappiness with Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi. Dozens of sexual assaults have also been reported by activists currently camped out in Tahrir Square.
Today in Egypt — Morsi supporters and opponents rally
1. A girl waves the national flag as opponents of President Mohammed Morsi protest outside the defense ministry in Cairo on June 28, 2013. (Hassan Ammar/AP)
2. Anti-Mursi protesters carry a banner saying ”leave” while chanting anti-Mursi and anti-Muslim Brotherhood slogans in Tahrir Square in Cairo on June 28, 2013. (Asmaa Waguih/Reuters)
3. Anti-Mursi protesters chant slogans in Tahrir Square in Cairo on June 28, 2013. (Asmaa Waguih/Reuters)
4. An anti-Mursi protester uses his sandal to beat a crossed-out picture of President Mohamed Mursi during a protest in Tahrir Square in Cairo on June 28, 2013. (Asmaa Waguih/Reuters)
5. Anti-Mursi protesters carry a picture of President Mohamed Mursi and former president Hosni Mubarak as they protest in Tahrir Square in Cairo on June 28, 2013. (Asmaa Waguih/Reuters)
6. An anti-Mursi protester carrying her child chants slogans in Tahrir Square in Cairo on June 28, 2013. (Asmaa Waguih/Reuters)
7. An Egyptian diver holds a sign and a flag during a protest against President Mohamed Mursi underwater in Colored Canyon in Sharm el-Sheikh on June 28, 2013. (Reuters)
8. Members of the brotherhood and supporters of President Mohamed Mursi shout slogans during a protest around the Raba El-Adwyia mosque square in the suburb of Nasr City, Cairo on June 28, 2013. The sign reads, “happy new presidential year we hope to congratulate after the four years”. (Mohamed Abd El Ghany/Reuters)
9. Supporters of Mohammed Morsi fill a public square outside the Rabia el-Adawiya Mosque in Cairo during a rally in Cairo on June 28, 2013. (AP)
10. A man waits at train stop in front of the presidential palace, days ahead of planned protests against the country’s Islamist President Mohammed Morsi in Cairo on June 28, 2013. Arabic reads, “leave, left, evacuation day” (Hassan Ammar/AP)
In Pictures: ‘Occupy Kenya’ | Kenya’s highly paid politicians caused outrage by giving themselves another pay raise, but have since settled on a deal.
Click here to view the slideshow.
(via The Guardian)
In many tribal communities, including the Hadza and the Innu featured here, women and men enjoy equal status. But tribal people often face displacement, murder and rape, according to Survival International. Often humiliated by governments that perpetuate the idea they are ‘backward’, some have their lands taken away. Yet resistance is growing as they take action to protect their land and ways of life.
What problems do tribal peoples have?
Tribal people are still violently attacked, and sometimes killed, particularly in parts of South & Central America, Africa and Asia.
Violence, often self-inflicted, is also a big problem in wealthy countries, which have largely dispossessed their indigenous peoples (such as Canada and the USA, Australia and New Zealand).
In some areas, tribal people are still held in a form of slavery, called ‘debt-bondage’, where they are forced to produce raw materials to pay a supposed debt to an outsider.
The view that tribal people are ‘primitive’ and not able to make rational choices about their own future derives from a colonialist, racist ideology. It is still used to justify their dispossession.
Tribal peoples are generally self-sufficient and dependent on their land to provide their food and support their way of life. It also forms the bedrock of their identity. It is stolen for ‘development’, such as mining, dam-building, farming, etc., as well as for ‘conservation’ projects.
Even where the land itself isn’t taken, its resources often are. These can be timber or minerals.
All peoples are changing all the time, but changes forced on tribal peoples in the name of ‘progress’ result in a far lower quality of life than before, with increased illness, suicide, imprisonment, substance abuse and dependence etc. Changes should be under the control of the people themselves.
More information at Survival International’s website.
1. The Dongria Kondh women of the Niyamgiri hills in Odisha state, India – who call themselves Jharnia, or protectors of streams – have lived in the lush, forested hills for millennia. For the past 10 years these women have worked with Dongria men to protect their most sacred mountain, Niyam Dongar, against plans for an opencast bauxite mine. (Jason Taylor/Survival International)
2. The Bushmen are the original people of southern Africa. Between 1997 and 2002, after the discovery of diamond fields in the Central Kalahari Game Reserve, almost all Bushmen were taken from their homes in the reserve and driven to eviction camps. Some women and their families have now returned to the reserve, but harassment and intimidation continue. (Mark Håkansson/Survival International)
3. A Nenets woman outside her chum, or teepee, in Siberia’s Yamal Peninsula. Her homeland is a remote, wind-blasted place of permafrost, serpentine rivers and dwarf shrubs; the reindeer-herding Nenets people have migrated across it for over a thousand years. Today, their way of life is severely affected by oil drilling and climate change. (Steve Morgan/Survival International)
4. These Innu women on the shores of the Labrador-Quebec peninsula in north-eastern Canada have resisted attempts by missionaries and the Canadian government to impose European patterns of living. The women have been prominent in opposing extractive industries on Innu lands, and have been active in efforts the people are making to maintain their way of life. (Dominick Tyler/Survival International)
5. Between Tanzania’s Lake Eyasi and the Great Rift Valley live the Hadza, a tribe of approximately 1,300 hunter-gatherers. The Hadza are one of the oldest lineages of humankind. Over the past 50 years, however, the tribe has lost 90% of its land. The tribe value equality highly, recognising no official leaders. Hadza women have a great amount of autonomy and participate equally in decision making with men. (Joanna Eede/Survival International)
Mourners attend a commemoration ceremony and march for a protester killed during clashes with Egyptian security forces the previous night, at the Al Noor Mosque on February 2, 2013 in Cairo, Egypt. 23-year old protester Mohammed Hussein Korani was killed after sustaining gunshot wounds to the neck and chest during fighting with riot police outside Egypt’s Presidential Palace in Cairo late on the night of February 1. Protests continued across Egypt nearly one week after the second anniversary of the Egyptian Revolution that overthrew former President Hosni Mubarak on January 25, 2011.
[Credit : Ed Giles/Getty Images]
Twenty-four months have passed since the start of the uprising that led to the overthrow of Egyptian leader Hosni Mubarak. In that time, much has changed, but many of the most vocal revolutionaries are not yet satisfied. President Mohamed Morsi, who assumed office last summer, has frustrated the opposition within the new government. Morsi has sought to expand his powers by decree and has been accused of heavily favoring the wishes of his own political party, the Muslim Brotherhood, which is promoting a new Islamist constitution for Egypt. In the midst of all this, many of the same activists who set things in motion in 2011 took to the streets again this past weekend, feeling that their voices had been drowned out once again. At least 50 are now reported to have been killed in clashes between demonstrators and government (and pro-government) groups, and a state of emergency has been declared in three provinces.
See more. [Images: AP, Reuters, Getty]