Posts tagged africa
Posts tagged africa
(via The Guardian)
In many tribal communities, including the Hadza and the Innu featured here, women and men enjoy equal status. But tribal people often face displacement, murder and rape, according to Survival International. Often humiliated by governments that perpetuate the idea they are ‘backward’, some have their lands taken away. Yet resistance is growing as they take action to protect their land and ways of life.
What problems do tribal peoples have?
Tribal people are still violently attacked, and sometimes killed, particularly in parts of South & Central America, Africa and Asia.
Violence, often self-inflicted, is also a big problem in wealthy countries, which have largely dispossessed their indigenous peoples (such as Canada and the USA, Australia and New Zealand).
In some areas, tribal people are still held in a form of slavery, called ‘debt-bondage’, where they are forced to produce raw materials to pay a supposed debt to an outsider.
The view that tribal people are ‘primitive’ and not able to make rational choices about their own future derives from a colonialist, racist ideology. It is still used to justify their dispossession.
Tribal peoples are generally self-sufficient and dependent on their land to provide their food and support their way of life. It also forms the bedrock of their identity. It is stolen for ‘development’, such as mining, dam-building, farming, etc., as well as for ‘conservation’ projects.
Even where the land itself isn’t taken, its resources often are. These can be timber or minerals.
All peoples are changing all the time, but changes forced on tribal peoples in the name of ‘progress’ result in a far lower quality of life than before, with increased illness, suicide, imprisonment, substance abuse and dependence etc. Changes should be under the control of the people themselves.
More information at Survival International’s website.
1. The Dongria Kondh women of the Niyamgiri hills in Odisha state, India – who call themselves Jharnia, or protectors of streams – have lived in the lush, forested hills for millennia. For the past 10 years these women have worked with Dongria men to protect their most sacred mountain, Niyam Dongar, against plans for an opencast bauxite mine. (Jason Taylor/Survival International)
2. The Bushmen are the original people of southern Africa. Between 1997 and 2002, after the discovery of diamond fields in the Central Kalahari Game Reserve, almost all Bushmen were taken from their homes in the reserve and driven to eviction camps. Some women and their families have now returned to the reserve, but harassment and intimidation continue. (Mark Håkansson/Survival International)
3. A Nenets woman outside her chum, or teepee, in Siberia’s Yamal Peninsula. Her homeland is a remote, wind-blasted place of permafrost, serpentine rivers and dwarf shrubs; the reindeer-herding Nenets people have migrated across it for over a thousand years. Today, their way of life is severely affected by oil drilling and climate change. (Steve Morgan/Survival International)
4. These Innu women on the shores of the Labrador-Quebec peninsula in north-eastern Canada have resisted attempts by missionaries and the Canadian government to impose European patterns of living. The women have been prominent in opposing extractive industries on Innu lands, and have been active in efforts the people are making to maintain their way of life. (Dominick Tyler/Survival International)
5. Between Tanzania’s Lake Eyasi and the Great Rift Valley live the Hadza, a tribe of approximately 1,300 hunter-gatherers. The Hadza are one of the oldest lineages of humankind. Over the past 50 years, however, the tribe has lost 90% of its land. The tribe value equality highly, recognising no official leaders. Hadza women have a great amount of autonomy and participate equally in decision making with men. (Joanna Eede/Survival International)
Mourners attend a commemoration ceremony and march for a protester killed during clashes with Egyptian security forces the previous night, at the Al Noor Mosque on February 2, 2013 in Cairo, Egypt. 23-year old protester Mohammed Hussein Korani was killed after sustaining gunshot wounds to the neck and chest during fighting with riot police outside Egypt’s Presidential Palace in Cairo late on the night of February 1. Protests continued across Egypt nearly one week after the second anniversary of the Egyptian Revolution that overthrew former President Hosni Mubarak on January 25, 2011.
[Credit : Ed Giles/Getty Images]
Twenty-four months have passed since the start of the uprising that led to the overthrow of Egyptian leader Hosni Mubarak. In that time, much has changed, but many of the most vocal revolutionaries are not yet satisfied. President Mohamed Morsi, who assumed office last summer, has frustrated the opposition within the new government. Morsi has sought to expand his powers by decree and has been accused of heavily favoring the wishes of his own political party, the Muslim Brotherhood, which is promoting a new Islamist constitution for Egypt. In the midst of all this, many of the same activists who set things in motion in 2011 took to the streets again this past weekend, feeling that their voices had been drowned out once again. At least 50 are now reported to have been killed in clashes between demonstrators and government (and pro-government) groups, and a state of emergency has been declared in three provinces.
See more. [Images: AP, Reuters, Getty]
SAHARATV INTERVIEW: An African Solution To An African Problem – Prof. Horace Campbell On The Crisis In Mali
ProfessorHorace Campbell is a noted peace and justice international scholar and also he is a professor of African-American Studies and political science at Syracuse University in Syracuse, NY. He has a book coming out which is called ‘Global NATO and the Catastrophic Failure in Libya’ - the book will be out in March. Professor Horace Campbell, welcome to Sahara TV.
French troops launched their first ground assault against Islamist rebels in Mali on Wednesday in a broadening of their operation against battle-hardened al Qaeda-linked fighters who have resisted six days of air strikes.
France has called for international support against Islamist insurgents it says pose a threat to Africa and the West, acknowledging it faces a long fight against the well-equipped militant fighters who seized Mali’s vast desert north last year.
After Islamist pledges to exact revenge for France’s intervention, militants claimed responsibility for a raid on a gas field in Algeria.
France receives help from U.S., Britain as it ramps up airstrikes against Islamic rebels in Mali
French fighter jets bombed rebel targets in a major city in Mali’s north Sunday, pounding the airport as well as training camps, warehouses and buildings used by the al-Qaeda-linked Islamists controlling the area, officials and residents said.
The three-day-old French-led effort to take back Mali’s north from the extremists began with airstrikes by combat helicopters in the small town of Konna. It has grown to a coordinated attack by state-of-the-art fighter jets which have bombarded at least five towns, of which Gao, which was attacked Sunday afternoon, is the largest.
More than 400 French troops have been deployed to the country in the all-out effort to win back the territory from the well-armed rebels, who seized control of an area larger than France nine months ago. What began as a French offensive has now grown to include seven other countries, including logistical support from the U.S. and Europe. The United States is providing communications and transport help, while Britain is sending C17 aircrafts to help Mali’s allies transport troops to the frontlines.
Sudanese leaders Bashir and Kiir commit to buffer zone
The leaders of Sudan and South Sudan have reaffirmed their commitment to setting up a buffer zone on their shared border and resuming oil exports.
African Union mediator Thabo Mbeki said both sides had agreed “unconditionally” to implement a deal first struck in September.
Presidents Omar al-Bashir of Sudan and Salva Kiir of South Sudan smiled and shook hands, but made no comment.
The neighbours came close to war after the South’s independence in 2011.
The talks in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa, followed reports of renewed clashes on the disputed border.
African Union mediators will now lay out a timetable for the implementation of all outstanding agreements, according to an official document seen by the BBC.
This is expected to be in place by the end of next week, and if the timetable is respected, a demilitarised buffer zone between the two countries will be set up.
That would allow the resumption of oil exports from the south and of cross-border trade.
Pictured: South Sudan’s Salva Kiir (right) was greeted by Ethiopia’s prime minister as he arrived for talks
Protests in Ghana over Elections Result
Supporters of New Patriotic Party Nana Akufo-Addo have taken to the streets in Accra to protest the outcomes of Friday presidential elections claiming the process was marred by fraud.
BREAKING: Egyptian president annuls decree expanding powers
Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi has annulled the controversial constitutional decree he issued in November expanding his powers.
The decision came after a Saturday meeting between Morsi and other political leaders. The decree and a referendum on the draft constitution sparked mass protests throughout Egypt in the past two weeks. The referendum on the draft constitution will continue as planned on December 15. Read more from AFP.Photo: Egypt’s President Mohamed Morsi speaks to supporters in front of the presidential palace in Cairo November 23, 2012. (Handout / Reuters)
Egypt’s Republican Guard restored an uneasy calm to the area around the presidential palace in Cairo on Thursday after fierce clashes in which seven people were killed, as the political crisis worsened over Mohamed Morsi’s decrees extending his power.
The president, criticised for his silence in the past few days, addressed the nation, accusing some of the opposition protesters of serving remnants of the old regime and vowing never to tolerate anyone working for the overthrow of his “legitimate” government.
Maasai people waited in line to register to vote in Ewuaso Kedong, Kenya, Thursday, Dec. 6, 2012. The Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission is dispatching biometric-computer equipment to remote tribal areas ahead of the general election in March 2013.
[Credit : Carl de Souza/AFP/Getty Images]
A tank at the presidential palace in Cairo on Thursday. Several aides to president Mohamed Morsi have resigned as clashed between his Islamist supporters and secularists — who claim that Morsi is trying to establish a dictatorship — intensified; at least six Egyptians have died, with more than 400 wounded. (Photo: Tara Todras-Whitehill / The New York Times; caption via The Times)
Overnight clashes in Cairo between supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood-led government of Mohamed Morsi and opposition activists have left at least five people dead, according to state television.
As the country further descended into political turmoil over the constitution drafted by Morsi’s allies, street battles outside the presidential palace were the most violent since Egypt’s latest crisis erupted on 22 November, when Morsi assumed near unrestricted powers
It was also the first time supporters of rival camps had fought each other since last year’s uprising that toppled Hosni Mubarak.
Morsi is due to make a televised address later on Thursday. Tanks have been deployed outside the presidential palace, a move which the commander of the Republican Guard said was intended to keep the two sides apart – not to repress the president’s opponents.
The fighting erupted late on Wednesday afternoon when thousands of Morsi’s Islamist supporters descended on an area near the presidential palace where about 300 of his opponents were staging a sit-in. The Islamists, members of Morsi’s Muslim Brotherhood, chased the protesters away from their base outside the palace’s main gate and tore down their tents.
Mohamed ElBaradei, a leading opposition advocate of reform, accused Morsi’s supporters of a “vicious and deliberate” attack against peaceful demonstrators.
FLASH: Three members of Egyptian President Mursi’s advisory council quit over crisis: presidential sources | Live updates
The rebels’ truck rounded the corner at breakneck speed and skidded onto the wrong side of a pitted bush road, with several dozen fighters swaying on the back. Two weeks after seizing the eastern Congolese city of Goma, the M23 rebels were withdrawing Saturday, leaving behind an uneasy city.
They snaked along the road north, riding in looted government cars, trucks piled high with mattresses and a minibus stolen from the state television and radio agency. One M23 spokesman stood by his fancy SUV, which had broken down in the road, trying to make a call. Others trudged on foot, carrying boxes of ammunition and bundles of food and clothing on their heads.
M23 fighters, backed by neighboring Rwanda, caused a geopolitical crisis with their surprise capture of Goma nearly two weeks ago. They embarrassed Congolese President Joseph Kabila, whose troops gave up the city without a fight. They exposed Rwandan President Paul Kagame, whose persistent military interference in one of the world’s most troubled regions was widely condemned. And they triggered criticism of the U.N.’s peacekeeping mission, with Congolese complaining that the world body’s troops should have repelled the rebels, even as government forces retreated.
M23, accused of myriad human rights abuses, is the latest in a string of militias in the Democratic Republic of Congo’s troubled east with strong ethnic and military links to the Kagame government, always denied by Rwandan authorities. A recent United Nations report on the conflict offered strong evidence of Rwanda’s military support for the rebels.
Congo’s east has seen years of conflict, much of it linked to internecine struggles to control minerals and other wealth, with regional and ethnic tension complicating the picture.
Pictured: M23 rebels wait on a truck before their departure rom the city of Goma in eastern Congo. (Phil Moore / AFP/Getty Images / December 1, 2012)