Posts tagged americas
Posts tagged americas
Protestors and police clash in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, following peaceful rallies in support of teachers on strike.
The Colombian government has announced it will not abide by the International Court of Justice’s ruling over a maritime border dispute with Nicaragua.
Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos said on Monday that the court’s decision is “not applicable” unless a new treaty is negotiated between the two nations, and that Colombia will work to stop Nicaragua’s “expansionist spirits.”
Image by Manuel Rueda for Fusion
Getty Images photographer John Moore has spent years covering stories about immigration between Mexico and the United States — border enforcement, drug smuggling, undocumented workers, and more. Earlier this year, he traveled south to the Mexico-Guatemala border, where Central American immigrants cross the Suchiate River, beginning their long and perilous journey north through Mexico. He traveled with some of the thousands of immigrants who ride atop freight trains, known as “la bestia,” or the Beast, toward the U.S. border. Riders on the Beast risk a great deal — robbery and assault by gangs who control the train tops, or the loss of life or limb in a fall. Only a fraction of the immigrants who start the journey in Central America will traverse Mexico completely unscathed — and all this before illegally entering the United States and facing the considerable U.S. border security apparatus designed to track, detain, and deport them. Moore has captured images not only of their difficult journey, but of the faces of these travelers, telling their stories through compelling portraits taken in shelters and jails along the way.
When a society opts for a military police, what this society wants is a police force that fulfills orders without thinking. Of course, when you give training in which the police officer himself is violated, how am I going to require that this individual not violate the rights of a suspect?
The merits of having a militarized police force is under scrutiny in Brazil in response to accusations of blatant police violence against journalists and civilians during protests last month’s massive protests throughout the country.
The debate on the demilitarization of the military police in the country is not new. Part of the legacy of Brazil’s dictatorship from 1964 to 1985, the military police emerged as a solution through the extinction of the Public Force and Civil Guard. After the 1964 coup, the new government abandoned the idea of creating a single, civilian police and implemented a military model.
Today, almost all urban policing in Brazil is done by military police attached to the governments of each state, and the country remains the only one in the world to have a police force that operates out of the military barracks.
Aymara women smile during the Miss Cholita 2013 beauty pageant in La Paz, Bolivia on June 30, 2013. Cholita is the style of clothing worn by many of the country’s indigenous women.
[Credit : Juan Karita/AP]
In Case You Missed It: Infographic Maps 25 Mining Conflicts in Mexico
Photo credit: Cuartoscuro
A quarter-million Brazilians took to the streets in the latest a wave of sometimes-violent protests that are increasingly focusing on corruption and
reforminga government system in which people have lost faith. A new poll shows that 75 percent of citizens support the demonstrations.
The turnout in Saturday’s protests was lower than the 1 million participants seen on Thursday and there was less violence. But in the city of Belo Horizonte police used tear gas and rubber bullets to disperse protesters who tried to pass through a barrier and hurled rocks at a car dealership. The city of Salvador also saw demonstrations turn violent.
The protests have become the largest public demonstrations Latin America’s biggest nation has seen in two decades. They began as opposition to transportation fare hikes, then became a laundry list of causes including anger at high taxes, poor services and World Cup spending, before coalescing around the issue of rampant government corruption.
Many protesters were not appeased by a prime-time television address Friday night by President Dilma Rousseff, who said that peaceful protests were welcome and emphasized that she would not condone corruption. She also said she would meet with movement leaders and create a plan to improve urban transportation and use oil royalties for investments in education.
“Dilma is underestimating the resolve of the people on the corruption issue,” said Mayara Fernandes, a medical student who took part in a march in Sao Paulo. “She talked and talked and said nothing. Nobody can take the corruption of this country anymore.”
A new poll published Saturday in the weekly magazine Epoca showed that three-quarters of Brazilians support the protests. The poll was carried out by the respected Ibope institute. It interviewed 1,008 people across Brazil June 16-20 and has a margin of error of 3 percentage points.
On Saturday, protesters denounced congressional legislation, known as PEC 37, that would limit the power of federal prosecutors to investigate crimes - which many fear would hinder attempts to jail corrupt politicians.
Federal prosecutors were behind the investigation into the biggest corruption case in Brazil’s history, the so-called “mensalao” cash-for-votes scheme that came to light in 2005 and involved top aides of former President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva buying off members of congress to vote for their legislation.
“MEOW IS THE TIME FOR CHANGE,” SAYS HOPEFUL MAYOR CAT
Morris the cat’s candidacy for mayor of Xalapa, Mexico was launched by locals who are critical of government limits on free speech. You can visit Morris on his Facebook page El Candigato Morris where he has gotten more likes than his human competitors.
Photo: REUTERS/Oscar Martinez
A student protester is detained during a demonstration against the government to demand changes in the public state education system in Santiago on June 13, 2013. Chilean students have been protesting against what they say is profiteering in the state education system.
[Credit : Ivan Alvarado/Reuters]
“Thousands of protesters are taking to the streets in Brazil’s two biggest cities, protesting against 10-cent hikes in bus and subway fares. Police used tear gas and rubber bullets Thursday night to disperse thousands of protesters in Sao Paulo who had been chanting, “The love is over — Turkey is right here” before fleeing the law enforcement onslaught. At least 55 people were injured and 60 arrested during the fourth demonstration in a week.
The crowd that formed earlier Thursday outside the Municipal Theater in Sao Paulo drew together a combination of students, citizens protesting police violence, representatives from various left-leaning parties and supporters of the original protest, which called for better and more equitable access to public transportation.
Sao Paulo is plagued by grindingly slow traffic and poor public transportation, so its low-income residents often face long, dreary commutes. Bus fare was recently raised from about $1.40 to about $1.50. Minimum wage is just over $350 a month.
At first, the crowd moved peacefully through the streets, with some waving Turkish flags in recognition of the protests there. A small minority wore masks. Workers and residents cheered from windows; others complained of traffic jams caused by the protest. When the group neared Roosevelt Square, police began to fire tear gas.”
1. Police fire tear gas and rubber bullets to disperse demonstrators protesting increases in public transit fares in Sao Paulo, Brazil on June 13, 2013. (Sebastiao Moreira/EPA)
2. People protest the increase in bus and subway fares in Rio de Janeiro on June 13, 2013. (Nicolas Tanner/AP)
3. Two demonstrators hug each other tightly as they are surrounded by riot police using tear gas during a student protest in Rio de Janeiro June 13, 2013. (Tasso Marcelo/AFP/Getty Images)
4. A woman offers a flower to a police officer during a protest against a rise in bus and subway fares in Rio de Janeiro on June 13, 2013. (Nicolas Tanner/AP)
5. Masked demonstrators protest an increase in bus and subway fares in Rio de Janeiro on June 13, 2013. (Nicolas Tanner/AP)
Maya Ixil women, including Guatemala’s civil war survivor Maria Raymundo (C), celebrate after listening the sentence given to former Guatemalan de facto President, retired General Jose Efrain Rios Montt, 86, for crimes committed during his regime, in Guatemala City on May 10, 2013. Rios Montt was found guilty of genocide and war crimes on Friday in a landmark ruling stemming from massacres of indigenous people in his country’s long civil war. Rios Montt thus became the first Latin American convicted of trying to exterminate an entire group of people in a brief but particularly gruesome stretch of a war that started in 1960, lasted 36 years and left around 200,000 people dead or missing.
[Credit : Johan Ordonez/AFP/Getty Images]
Mass brutal police repression during a protest against the cancellation of a teachers’ strike after an assembly with the Union of Education Professionals in Sao Paulo on May 10, 2013. Source 1 | Source 2
For a bit of additional info:
According to local journals, the protest became violent when a segment of the teachers disagreed with the decision of a poll deciding for the end of the strike, since the government agreed with some of the sindicate’s revindications. Some protesters started throwing objects at the car where the board of directors was and soon the police got involved. The head of the sindicate claims the protesters are just a noisy minority and the decision was democratically made. But the number of people claiming the opposite, and since the media coverage here hasn’t yet given a minute of full attention to the replies from the side of the protesters - and, as usually, the police’s answer was heavy and violent - implies there’s more bias to this than it’s being noticed by both brazilian and foreign media.
More prisoners have joined a hunger strike at the US-run detention facility at Guantanamo Bay, bringing the reported total to 93 out of 166 held at the facility, according to media reports. Lawyers for the detainees claim that the actual number is higher.
“The illegal detentions without charge or trial at Guantanamo Bay have gone on for more than a decade with no end in sight, so it’s not surprising that detainees feel desperate,” said Laura Pitter, counterterrorism advisor at Human Rights Watch. “The Obama administration simply has to do more to end this unlawful practice that will forever be a black mark on US history.”
Human Rights Watch has long called for an end to the practice of indefinite detention at Guantanamo, which violates international law. More than half of the detainees currently at the facility were approved for transfer to their home or third countries by an Obama administration interagency task force in 2009. Congress restricted those transfers but the Defense Department still has the ability to transfer the cleared detainees as long as certain safeguards are in place. Human Rights Watch urged the Obama administration to use its authority to begin transferring detainees out of the facility as soon as possible.
Photo: © 2009 Reuters